The short supply, volatile price, and environmental impact associated with conventional fuels created opportunity for the first generation of biofuels. However, competition with the food supply forced fuel producers to explore lignocellulosic feedstocks, while favorable economics shift the focus to waste and natural gas feedstocks. Oil and gas companies, agribusiness firms, chemical companies, automakers, and others are capitalizing on this trend today, investing in alternative fuel solutions such as natural gas vehicles, waste-to-fuel, cellulosic ethanol, and gas-to-liquids.
To capitalize on the Alternative Fuel opportunity, companies should:
  • Identify breakthroughs in feedstock, process, and novel fuel production
  • Establish relationships throughout the value chain
  • Monitor and exploit geographies with favorable government support and available feedstock
  • Explore novel financing mechanisms to bring emerging technologies to market

Download a sample company profile



  • Micro- and Macroalgae
  • Lignocellulosic material
  • Energy crops
  • Municipal solid waste (MSW)
  • Natural gas
  • Jatropha, switchgrass, energy cane


  • Pyrolysis, gasification, catalysis
  • Fermentation, synthetic biology
  • Preatreatment, steam explosion, acid hydrolysis
  • Torrefaction


  • Ethanol, gasoline/petrol
  • Butanol, methanol
  • Renewable diesel, biodiesel
  • Biojet
  • Biocoal
  • CNG, LNG
  • Synfuels
  • Biocrude
  • Hydrogen

End uses:

  • Automotive
  • Aviation
  • Industrial processes
  • Co-firing

Next steps