The short supply, volatile price, and environmental impact associated with conventional fuels created opportunity for the first generation of biofuels. However, competition with the food supply forced fuel producers to explore lignocellulosic feedstocks, while favorable economics shift the focus to waste and natural gas feedstocks. Oil and gas companies, agribusiness firms, chemical companies, automakers, and others are capitalizing on this trend today, investing in alternative fuel solutions such as natural gas vehicles, waste-to-fuel, cellulosic ethanol, and gas-to-liquids.
To capitalize on the Alternative Fuel opportunity, companies should:
  • Identify breakthroughs in feedstock, process, and novel fuel production
  • Establish relationships throughout the value chain
  • Monitor and exploit geographies with favorable government support and available feedstock
  • Explore novel financing mechanisms to bring emerging technologies to market

Recently Profiled Companies

  • Applied Research Associates, Inc.

    Catalytic conversion of oil-based feedstock to renewable diesel and biojet fuel

    Jan 13, 2017

  • Black Bear Carbon

    Produces carbon black via pyrolysis of end-of-life tires

    Jan 13, 2017

  • Siluria Technologies

    Develops catalyst discovery platform and catalytic process to convert methane to ethylene, propylene, and fuel

    Jan 5, 2017

  • CleanTech Biofuels

    Processes MSW to separate recyclables and produce cellulosic product stream

    Dec 13, 2016

  • ETIA

    Torrefaction and pyrolysis of agricultural and industrial waste feedstock

    Dec 13, 2016

  • Enerkem

    Produces methanol and ethanol from gasification of municipal solid waste

    Nov 29, 2016

  • Agrisoma

    Carinata genetics and drop-in fuel value chain developer

    Nov 28, 2016

  • S2G BioChem

    Chemically catalyzing conversion of glycerin, C5, and C6 sugars into xylitol and mixed glycols

    Nov 24, 2016

  • Terragenic

    Liquid hydrogen storage medium for PEM fuel cells

    Nov 23, 2016

  • Greasoline

    Catalytic conversion of oil-based feedstock to drop-in biojet fuel

    Nov 15, 2016

  • Biothermica Technologies Inc.

    Pollution control technology for methane emission abatement from coal mines

    Nov 15, 2016

  • Cortus Energy

    Gasification of cellulosic feedstock to syngas for power and heat, synthetic natural gas, and hydrogen applications

    Nov 1, 2016

Download a sample company profile



  • Micro- and Macroalgae
  • Lignocellulosic material
  • Energy crops
  • Municipal solid waste (MSW)
  • Natural gas
  • Jatropha, switchgrass, energy cane


  • Pyrolysis, gasification, catalysis
  • Fermentation, synthetic biology
  • Preatreatment, steam explosion, acid hydrolysis
  • Torrefaction


  • Ethanol, gasoline/petrol
  • Butanol, methanol
  • Renewable diesel, biodiesel
  • Biojet
  • Biocoal
  • CNG, LNG
  • Synfuels
  • Biocrude
  • Hydrogen

End uses:

  • Automotive
  • Aviation
  • Industrial processes
  • Co-firing

Next steps